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1 / 8 general masterplan: bird view


vertical territories | 縱向領域

Format | 形式: Research at Harvard Graduate School of Design, Boston, USA | 美國哈佛設計學院設計研究
Year | 年份: 2010
Type | 類型: landscape regeneration masterplan | 生態系統修復與景觀設計
Size | 規模 : 6,000 sqm | 6,000 平米
Location | 地點: South Weymouth Naval Air Station, Massachusetts, USA | 美國,波士頓,SW軍用機場
Collaboration with | 合作人: E. Scott Mitchell, Amy Whitesides

Awards | 獲獎: 2011 ASLA Honour Award | 2011 美國景觀協會 (ASLA) 優勝獎; 2011 IFLA Third Prize | 2011 美國景觀協會 (ASLA) 優勝獎; 2011 國際景觀聯盟 ( IFLA ) 第三名

 
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2 / 8 project layers and general masterplan


South Weymouth Naval Air Station is an abandoned military base with a long history of aviation-related activities. The site is characterized by consistent winds and still presents the high water table that used to make it a vast marshland. It is also home to a number of rare and endangered bird species that inhabit grassland and wetland ecosystems, which have been in decline in Massachusetts over the past 100 years. The region suffers from regular flooding events while ironically it has constant problems of drinking-water shortage due to recent contamination and improper management.

“縱向領域”提出了對位于波士頓南邊廢棄的South Weymouth海軍機?。ㄒ韻錄虺芐W機?。┲匭驢⒗玫目占洳唄?。該地段處于一個高空風力強勁而穩定的地區,并且地下水位很高,機場在建設前是一片廣袤的沼澤。這里的大片草場和濕地還是多種瀕危動物的棲息地。SW機場所處的區域常年飽受旱澇災害的雙重威脅,水資源管理失效和水系統的污染造成附近居民飲用水短缺。

 
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3 / 8 grading plan and landscape dynamics


This project works on several levels at once to take advantage of the local natural resources of the site and regenerate its deteriorated hydrology and related ecosystems. Through the concept of "vertical territories" our design focuses on different layers of energy production, habitat preservation, water management and public recreation.

方案在多個層次,利用當地自然資源,更新惡化水質及相關生態系統。提出“縱向領域分層”的空間策略,突破一般的城市規劃設計僅只關注地面設計的觀念,同時考慮地下、地表、低空和高空各層空間,關注于各層空間的能源生產、棲息地?;?、水管理和公眾游憩。利用不同高度的空間處理不同需求:高空捕捉風能,地面改善公共開放空間和野生動物?;?,并同地下含水層共同完成雨水收集管理。

 
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4 / 8 stormwater management


On the top level, the wind facilitates the production of electrical power, thus, in resonance with the local past, we propose a new paradigm of aerial usage, introducing emergent high-altitude (600m) wind-power generators that operate for a fraction of the cost of traditional wind turbines and do not interfere with the routes of the migrating birds.

在高空,作為對本地歷史的回應,我們提出了高空應用的一種新范型,引入高空風力發電技術(FEG)。這一創新的再生能源技術如今被認為比傳統的地面風車技術發電具有更大的優勢------更加經濟、生態,成本僅為傳統風力渦輪機的一小部分,,且不會對遷徙鳥類的飛行安全帶來威脅。

 
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5 / 8 perspective views


On the ground, the demolition of impervious surfaces and the creation of infiltration ponds increase the water table; at the same time, the new wetlands act as a buffer zone to control flooding and work as a stormwater collection system to provide freshwater for the region. Finally, the creation of the new water system and mixed grasslands help regenerate the avian habitats.

在地面,我們拆除大量不可滲透層,提出了一個濕地系統。試圖將洪水與水資源短缺問題綜合解決。提出一個功能性景觀系統作為雨水收集凈化系統,將洪水季節過剩的雨水降低流速并收集起來經過濕地的凈化導向地下含水層,作為旱季用水的儲備。

 
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6 / 8 digital fabrication


The wetlands are designed with differing permeability and smoothness based on their relationship to the aquifer and existing contamination, the cleanliness of the water they collect and some specific functional requirements. Several topographic changes are implemented in order to achieve the desired hydrologic conditions, though the cut and fill operations are balanced on site in order to minimize the costs.

不同的濕地“細胞”因在雨水處理的不同環節中具有不同的功能需求(如沉淀,清潔和減速水流)而具有不同的底部土壤滲透性、地形平滑度。其與地段中現存的被污染土壤區域和含水層的位置關系也是影響其形態、性質的決定性因素。為達成理想的水文條件,我們進行了一些地形改造;場地的挖方和填方操作量基本持平,盡量降低成本。

 
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7 / 8 micro-topography cell prototype


The existing ground conditions inform the size, organization and location of the stormwater wetlands and infiltration ponds. The structure of the new park is formed by an elastic network of “flow lines” parallel to the streams that are stretched and divided as needed to negotiate requirements such as pedestrian accessibility, different degrees of protection and optimal habitat sizes. The circulation system promotes public activities and connects the surrounding towns, improving the local connectivity.

雨洪濕地與滲透池的大小、位置和結構關系基于現狀地面條件確定。綜合考量行人可達性、不同?;さ燃兜鈉攔籃妥羆啞芟⒌卮笮〉刃棖笠?,組織了彈性的流線系統。成為公共開放空間的濕地公園,最大程度地提供公眾可達性以及對多種城市室外活動的容納能力,成為新的社區公共空間。濕地公園內部的路徑是經過對當地街道狀況的仔細研究后提出的,充分地與鄰里街道相銜接,激活三個相鄰城鎮的交通聯接。

 
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8 / 8 physical model: water flow simulation


This project shows that the multilayered approach allows for high functional density without compromising the expansive open quality of the ground.
Thus a once gated "backyard" of towns in economic decline becomes a generator of vital resources.

空間的分層使有限的空間具備了更高密度的利用價值和更多樣的功能性,利用獨特的組合與共存,將原本看似無關的空間創造出新的空間體驗,卻無須使原有空曠廣闊的土地過分擁擠。這一公共空間將首次打破三個相鄰城鎮之間存在了70年之久的隔閡,將這一幾乎被遺忘的邊緣空間重新轉化為市民集聚和活動的中心。