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1 / 8 general masterplan: top view

dredging identity | 運河城市

Format| 形式: Research with the MA Landscape Urbanism program at the Architectural Association School of Architecture, London, UK | 倫敦建筑聯盟學院景觀都市主義設計研究
Year | 年份: 2010年
Type | 類型: urban masterplan | 城市總體規劃
Size | 規模: 300 sqkm | 300 平方公里
Location | 地點: Lingang, Shanghai, China | 中國,上海,臨港
Published on | 發表: Urban Flux, Vol. 17, 2011 | 《城市空間設計》期刊 2011年第17期
Exhibited at | 展覽: 2011 Tallinn Architecture Biennale, Estonia | 2011年愛沙尼亞塔林建筑雙年展

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2 / 8 site current conditions and original masterplan

Nowadays China is undergoing an unprecedented process of urbanization and millions of people move every year from the countryside to the more developed coastal regions. In order to release the pressure of such migration on the already saturated metropolitan areas, the central government has planned to create as many as twenty new cities every year.



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3 / 8 current water system and drainage deficiency

This drastic transformation of the territory offers a unique combination of problems and opportunities. Refusing a mediation with the forces that drive the urbanization would be quite a conservative and unproductive form of resistance. The capitalist logic of profit cannot be totally denied, but the social and environmental effects of the urban transformation should be put into the picture and evaluated as part of the overall balance.


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4 / 8 project development: meshing

Through a systematic analysis of the costs of urbanization, this project aims to demonstrate that a design based on the specificity of the local morphology, the optimization of the natural systems and a resilient phasing strategy can be a viable economic investment while avoiding at the same time the total annihilation of the local identity, so often associated to globalized market-driven developments.

在最初的規劃方案中,鄉村的原始風貌被完全忽視 ------ 當地建筑和自然風貌消失殆盡,原先依運河而建的線性村莊的獨特肌理徹底喪失,取而代之的是單一功能的巨大分區和高度幾何化的千篇一律的空間格局。

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5 / 8 project development: urban prototypes

Lingang was planned as part of the 1966 plan for the regional expansion of Shanghai, on an area of reclaimed land on the head of the Yangtze River Delta, with the goal of housing up to 800,000 inhabitants by 2020.


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6 / 8 prototypes proliferation

The original masterplan, organized in a very rigid geometrical fashion, does not take into account two important elements of the site: the existence of a consolidated pattern of linear villages along agricultural canals - which are very valuable not only for their architectural and environmental beauty, but also for their strong social identity - and the presence of the sea, with its ecology based on tidal dynamics.


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7 / 8 prototypes proliferation: bird view

By reconsidering all the economic and ecological variables of the original masterplan, our design aims to create a more dynamic system based on a new coastline that reconciles the natural ecologies with the new urban activities and the creation of multifunctional clusters that can more efficiently adjust to the future changes in the growth of the city.


8 / 8 masterplan phasing

On the one hand, a higher density scheme meets the goals of the original masterplan while allowing the preservation of the existing linear villages, on the other hand, the solution to the insufficient draining capacity of the terrain gives the opportunity to create a new network of canals and water bodies that organize and structure the urban fabric, becoming a crucial element of the public space. Finally, the new design maximizes the coastline and creates a multifunctional water interface, generating a higher land value that can at least partially compensate the costs of the dredging and earthwork needed, making the project economically sound.