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1 / 20 view from central park

link-ed(u) | 多重互聯

Year | 年份: 2018
Location | 地點: Shenzhen, China | 中國深圳
Status | 狀態: competition winner | 競賽中標

Type | 類型: architecture | 建筑
Program | 功能: education | 教育
Size | 規模: 105,263 sqm | 105,263平方米
Client | 業主: Futian Middle School | 福田中學

Team | 團隊: Chen Chen (陳忱),Federico Ruberto, Nicola Saladino, Lv Shoutuo(呂守拓),Chen Muzhi(陳牧之),Duan Jintong(段錦童),Wang Yiren(王翊人),Liu Yangyang(劉楊洋),Xu Bingling(徐冰凌),Chen Si(陳思),Chen Yuxuan(陳宇軒),Tan Lu (譚露)

Competition Organizer | 競賽總策劃: Futian Urban Planning, Land and Resources Commission of Shenzhen Municipality | 深圳市規劃和國土資源委員會福田管理局

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2 / 20 urban context

In order to make more space to accommodate the fast growing number of students, Futian District of Shenzhen City is ushering in a new round of construction of primary and secondary schools. In February 2018, the Futian Authority of Shenzhen Municipal Planning and Land Resources Committee launched an international competition named “8+1 - Futian New Campus Action Plan”. The competition invited architects to explore new school typologies that manage to mediate two factors: high-density urban environments and the subtropical climate of Shenzhen. Proposals should address the changing educational system, rethinking what a school is, its norms, and proposing new hybrid typologies in which the function of mediation and sharing between schools and their adjacent communities must be prioritized.

為緩解學位緊張,深圳市福田區正迎來新一輪的中小學校建設高潮。2018年2月,深圳市規劃與國土資源委員會福田管理局發布福田新校園行動計劃 “8+1”建筑聯展,以國際設計競標的方式為位于福田區的九所中小學及幼兒園征集校園設計方案。針對福田區集約土地、高密度的城市狀況,通過設計管理體制創新,聯展邀請優秀建筑師與教育界和社會各界密切合作,積極探討高密度時代學校新建筑類型建構和空間創新,一同探索理性反思校園規范,適應新的教育模式改革,重建人與自然的連接,為學校與社區分時共享創造條件,創造屬于深圳亞熱帶氣候和高密度城市環境的校園建筑類型。

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3 / 20 site strategy

Futian School is one of the largest high schools in Shenzhen, and will host a rising number of students from 2,600 to 3,000, providing all students with accomodation within its original site boundary (41,461 sqm), expanding its gross floor area from 33,656 to 100,000 sqm (the FAR will reach 3.87 — this extreme density is 2-3 times more than any ordinary school typology in China), making Futian School the most challenging case among all 9 school projects involved in the competition. The school site is located in the centre of Futian district, a site that faces on its west side the Central Park. In addition to the ultra-high FAR, the site is tightly surrounded by high-rises on the north, east and south sides, making it a complex urban environment.


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4 / 20 massing process

A 100,000 sqm school campus located in the very center of the dense urban fabric requires a set of crucial design decisions that address strategically the series of relationships involved: the relation in between the multiple building volumes, as well as the relation between the campus and its immediate urban context. We decided thus to place the football field in the West half of the site, while the building volumes lay on the East, forming with their proximal context a continuous and smooth skyline. The field is rotated 15 degrees anti-clockwise, an operation that allowed the creation, at the southwest corner, of a welcoming spatial interface, a covered plaza open towards the adjacent street.


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5 / 20 program layout

The field is elevated, moved at a higher floor 5m above the street level. This other operation elevates the main ground of the campus, creating a common and covered podium which organizes all the most public facilities of the school such as indoor and semi-indoor sports fields and an auditorium. The street level at the North-West corner of this podium is used as temporary parking spaces and pick-up points that absorb the heavy traffic load generated by influx of 3000 students.


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6 / 20 program layout

The dorms, the highest and densest building of the campus, are kept to the South edge to avoid blocking sunlight to the neighboring hospital that sits on the North side of the plot, where the teaching volumes are allocated. These volumes subtly fold towards the sports field, generating a series of East-Westview corridors that open up towards the Central Park and Futian CBD skyline. This linear arrangement of volumesforms sequencesof spaces in-betweenand activates left-over areasgenerated by the complicated configuration of the site boundary, which are ultimately used as spatial hybrids to mediate between the buildings and thelandscape.


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7 / 20 physical model

The volumes are organized as interconnected finger-like slabs with a North-South orientation, a common typology that minimizes structural costs, maximizing common spaces of mediation (bridges, elevated plazas, sheltered performance alleys). What holds together the slabs is a plugged-in LOOP-a “social band” designed to organizethe campus life, privileging social experiences in spite of what commonly define a campus: social segregation.

在如此高密度的場地條件下,精確的日照模擬分析引導教學樓坡屋面進一步采取高低錯落的體型變化,不僅保證所有普通教室及各學科教室完全滿足規范的日照要求,同時形成連綿起伏的天際線,創造出一系列空間體驗各異的屋頂花園。建筑體型進一步分裂、抬升,連續的空中活動圈“THE LOOP”串聯起一系列尺度高低各不相同的架空層,提供了視野極佳的第二地面。

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8 / 20 the public podium

Based on a careful study of the brief, the programs is organized according to set levels of privacy, a strategy that creates macro-zones working onthe horizonal and vertical axes. The most public functions that could benefit nearby communities are located in the lower part of the buildings and towards the West side: the sports facilities and theauditoriumare hosted within the podium, semi-underground, while the exhibition center and public lobby are public accesses to the sports center.


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9 / 20 the main entrance6

The West is a permeable infrastructural interface that folds upward and presents a welcoming gesture to the street, challenging the traditional school fence that renders impossible any communication between the school and its surroundings.


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10 / 20 program layout

Given the specific circulation requirements of a boarding school, the main entrance is located closer to the lobby of the dorms. The large opening of the massive concrete structure of the elevated sports field provides a canopy to the plaza. This is a way of entering the school which emphasizesa monumental sequence: the space of an (open) community. Such plaza sits at the junction between the lobby of the dorms and the teaching tower, working as a hub that efficiently directs daily commute between the dorm, the classrooms and the canteen.


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11 / 20 elevation

60 general classrooms where students stay for more than 50% of everyday time, are granted best solar access and evacuation efficiency, and they are placed all within the first 5 floors to allow students to easily access the open playground. Since it is impossible to avoid high-rise buildings given the site FAR, the roof of the podium is designed to work for fire emergencies, thus reducing the “evacuation height”. A number of flexible teaching spaces are placed in-between general classrooms and labs, providing buffering zones utilizable by both. These spaces sittingat elevated floorsare designed with variable classrooms sizes, and provideareas for a potential future expansion of the school.


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12 / 20 multiple grounds

“Multiple Grounds” is the principle that maximizes the amount of active surfaces, splitting and displacing them on different interrelated and interconnected levels. It is a strategy that works particularly well for a high-density campus, especially with a distributed network of ever changing outdoor spaces and nodal filters that can facilitate the diversification of connections and the typology of enclosures. “Multiplying” is the strategy that smoothens up the transition between the landscape and the building. Given the extreme density of activities on the site, it avoids the creation of a final massing that is oppressive and self-imposing.


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13 / 20 multiple grounds

The zones of the classrooms, dorm and public facilities are connected at the 5-9m podium level and at the 20-25m loop level. These thick connections provide students a number of alternative paths in their daily commuting within the school.


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14 / 20 the sky loop

The LOOP is not just a simple collection of bridges connecting the school buildings, but rather a distributed system of diverse social spaces taking the shape of seating areas, performance ramps, amphitheaters, roof gardens, climbing walls,etc.

空中活動圈”THE LOOP”不是一個簡單的連廊系統,而是一個由樓梯、坡道、大階梯、架空層、屋面花園、攀巖墻等串聯起來的連貫的社交空間體系。它連接了校園中最為公共的使用功能——教學區靈活教室、宿舍共享學習區、露天階梯教室——這一系列非正式集合空間和創新啟發式的學習空間,鼓勵師生之間的交流、共享與碰撞隨時隨地自然發生。

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15 / 20 the sky loop

It strategically connects all the most public elements of the school (flexible classrooms, open theaters, common study areas), promoting and inspiring spontaneous communication and exchanges between students and the teaching staff.

THE LOOP營造了20余處尺度、高低、視野、圍合感各不相同的室外和半室外空間,成為學生日常的發現與驚喜的來源。

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16 / 20 the sky loop

The horizontal loop connects all the teaching towers whilst the vertical loop navigates through this high-rise tower of the dorms. The LOOP works as a shortcut between the dorms and the classrooms, effectively reducing vertical distances, a circulation scheme that works particularly well in such a high-rise school campus.


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17 / 20 the stadium

The football field with the running track is an important symbol of the school history. It is also the largest facility to be shared with the adjacent neighborhood. Rather than passively accepting the fact that it consumes nearly 1/3 of the buildable area, we decided to turn it into the center of the campus, and its seating areas become a smooth surface bridging the level of the running track (+5m)and the elevated ground (+9m), creating a stadium-like enclosure.


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18 / 20 ecological strategy

Futian Campus attempts at demonstrating a number ofdesign principles inserted in a critical context forged by dramatic density, shaping an environmentally friendly complex open to the city. The high porosity of the massing maximizes natural ventilation and shading, utilizing a passive energy saving strategy that does not need to rely on expensive technologies. The translucent second skin made of louvers and shutters mediates the need of maximum sunlight of the classrooms and shenzhen’s strong solar conditions. A number of covered and semi-covered outdoor spaces are the perfect places for sun shading and rain protection and specifically adjusttoShenzhen’s subtropical climate.


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19 / 20 stormwater management

At the campus scale, a 3-dimensional system of green spacescreate aninterconnected ecological infrastructure. Various sunken gardens increase the permeability of the podium, allowing natural light and ventilation to access underground programs, generating meanwhile ample rain gardens for ground-water recharge. The planting strategy focuses on a careful selection of native local plant communities to lower long-term management costs.


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20 / 20 masterplan

Adapting to the different functional requirement of the various locations, the plants selection considers animal food provision, organic farming for education, leisure activities of the students as well as stormwater management. The “greens” are thus beyond a tool for campus beautification. They are instead ecological means that provide environmental benefits as well as being valuable education materials for the students.