follow us on facebook

? reMIXstudio

//www.wzzhnw.com.cn/files/gimgs/th-37_tsinghua_12-1 01 - loop.jpg
1 / 18 loop life: physical model


Landscape Urbanism, spring semester 2012 | 清華建筑學院2012春季學期

university | 學校: Tsinghua University, Beijing, China
students | 學生: loop life: Shen Sisi, Wang Ruyun, Wang Jianiv
archeology | 演變的遺跡: Li Wenling, Wang Chenyu, Zhou Lin
eco-corridors | 生態廊道: Lulu, Wuchun, Huyue
agri-culture | 農業文化: Han LI, Li Sisi, Xie Qing, Niu Zhen
course director | 教授: Eva Castro
assistants | 團隊: Libny Pacheco, Federico Ruberto, Nicola Saladino

 
//www.wzzhnw.com.cn/files/gimgs/th-37_tsinghua_12-1 02 - loop.jpg
2 / 18 loop life: nodal intensities


The course focused on the town of Zhoukoudian, located on a rural area 46km South-East of Beijing, mainly famous for its archeological site, where important prehistoric rests of the so-called Peking Man were found.

該設計的地段位于北京市東南部、離市中心距46公里的周口店鎮,該鎮因著名的北京人考古遺址而聞名。

 
//www.wzzhnw.com.cn/files/gimgs/th-37_tsinghua_12-1 03 - loop.jpg
3 / 18 loop life: meshing and secondary paths development


The local economy, traditionally linked to the extraction of carbon and cement, is undergoing a violent transformation: most of the mines and processing plants have been shut down to reduce the contamination of Beijing metropolitan area and protect the archeological site, leaving a big part of Zhoukoudian’s population unemployed.
The four projects propose different solutions to implement a long-term economic regeneration of the site, while recovering its natural and cultural conditions. They can be considered as complementary interventions of a bigger regional plan.

煤炭采集和水泥原料生產是當地賴以為生的傳統經濟,現在正經歷著劇烈的變化:為了減少對北京市區的污染、?;す糯胖?,礦場和加工工廠大多數都被關閉,導致大批失業人口的產生。四組學生提出了四個不同的解決方案,他們的共同點是著眼于當地長期的發展計劃,復興經濟,同時恢復原有的生態系統和社會平衡,這四個方案互相補充,互相支持,共同形成了一個區域性的長期的規劃策略。

 
//www.wzzhnw.com.cn/files/gimgs/th-37_tsinghua_12-1 04 - loop.jpg
4 / 18 loop life: final masterplan


Loop Life
The closing of local mines and primary processing factories leaves a series of problems and opportunities for the future development of the region. On the one hand, the extremely polluted terrain requires a long process of reclamation before it can become again productive landscape; on the other, the abandoned factories provide very interesting post-industrial scenarios for all sort of cultural and sport events.

生活圈
當地的礦場和工廠被關閉以后,地區發展的未來挑戰與機遇并存:一方面,被污染的土地需要數年時間的除污處理才能恢復其農業生產力,另一方面,廢棄的工業地帶一旦經過有效的清理整合,即是多種文化、藝術、旅游產業的樂土。

 
//www.wzzhnw.com.cn/files/gimgs/th-37_tsinghua_12-1 05 - archeology.jpg
5 / 18 archeology: detailed model


This project proposes the creation of various programmatic loops around the Peking Man site that connect all the existing cultural attractors and the newly available industrial areas. Different functional nodes are located along the paths taking advantage of the specific characteristics of each site, creating multiple possible itineraries for pedestrians, bicycles and cars.

該項目圍繞北京人遺址將現有的文化景點和新工業區連接成一個完整環路。在沿途根據地段不同特征布置不同功能節點,并提供多種交通方式的通路。

 
//www.wzzhnw.com.cn/files/gimgs/th-37_tsinghua_12-1 06 - archeology.jpg
6 / 18 archeology: general model


Archeology
In 1987 Zhoukoudian Peking Man Museum and its surrounding archeological site have been granted the condition of World Heritage Site, attracting an average of 300.000 visitors per year. An extension of the museum has already been planned and could become an important catalyst for the local tourism.
Rather than confining the new development in a single iconic building, the project proposes an innovative model of open-air museum that would better interact with the surrounding site and could more easily incorporate new forms of educational activities.

演變的遺跡
1987年周口店北京人博物館與它周圍的考古遺址成為世界文化?;ひ挪?,從此每年有30萬游客慕名而來。博物館的擴建項目已經在計劃之中,并將為推動當地旅游業發展作出重要貢獻。該方案沒有將新的擴建項目局限于一個單一的標志性建筑中,而是提出露天博物館群這一全新的模式,試圖更好地與周圍的場地和社區相互融合,便于更加靈活地組織教育活動。

 
//www.wzzhnw.com.cn/files/gimgs/th-37_tsinghua_12-1 07 - archeology.jpg
7 / 18 archeology: indexing the excavation potentials


A study of the existing archeological techniques and the natural conditions of the site (topography, soil, orientation, hydrology, etc.) generates a precise sequence of excavations and provides clear guidelines for the creation of new infrastructures and building facilities. Thus the museum develops according to a phasing strategy that reflects the open-ended dynamic character of archeological explorations.

學生通過對現有的考古技術和自然條件(地形、土壤、朝向、水文等)的研究,設計一個精確的開掘過程,并以此為出發點探索并提出基礎設施和建筑布局的導則。博物館分諸多階段發展建設,這也符合考古勘探的開放式的動態性的特征。

 
//www.wzzhnw.com.cn/files/gimgs/th-37_tsinghua_12-1 08 - archeology.jpg
8 / 18 archeology: excavation and road development


Eco-corridors
This project considers the importance of the natural elements of Zhoukoudian and their potentials to enhance a regional area of ecological preservation. Analyzing the habitat of three different animals - the frog, the squirrel and the pheasant – as exemplary of the different types of local fauna, the students proposed the creation of a series of eco-corridors that mediate between the wild mountainous areas and the future urban development. Some points of observation are located in strategic intersections of these corridors to allow the interaction between anthropic and wild life. A series of small buildings is designed as part of a scientific campus for the study of the local fauna.

生態廊道
該方案考慮周口店鎮自然元素的重要性和其增進地方生態?;で那繃?。
該組學生分析了當地不同動物群中的三個典型的物種:青蛙、松鼠和野雞。在此基礎上提出了建立一系列能夠協調山嶺?;で胛蠢闖鞘鋅⒌納鵲?。設置在這些走廊節點上的觀察點,使得人類與野生動物之間可以進行互動。他們還為動物研究所設計了一組建筑。

 
//www.wzzhnw.com.cn/files/gimgs/th-37_tsinghua_12-1 09 - archeology.jpg
9 / 18 archeology: building development


Agri-culture
Agriculture could have a strategic importance for Zhoukoudian’s economy, but it is currently obsolete and underdeveloped. New possible synergies with tourism and pharmaceutical industries are explored through the development of an innovative localized distribution system and the optimization of the production process, associating specific crops to the different conditions of the soil, topography, orientation, water availability, etc. The understanding of the techniques and functional requirements of the crops provides a new spatial organization for the site, generating a new water system.

農業文化
農業在周口店鎮的經濟發展中起著戰略性的重要作用,但是目前并不發達。學生們探索了旅游業,制藥等不同行業和農業之間進行整合的可能性。通過對不同地段土壤、地形、朝向、供水等條件的分析決定不同種類作物的種植地點以優化生產,與此同時,這組學生還提出了一套新的交通物流的空間構架。通過對農業作物相關耕種技術和功能需求的分析,該方案為該場地提供了全新的空間布局關系和生成了一個全新的水文系統。

 
//www.wzzhnw.com.cn/files/gimgs/th-37_tsinghua_12-1 10 - archeology.jpg
10 / 18 archeology: general layered strategy
 
//www.wzzhnw.com.cn/files/gimgs/th-37_tsinghua_12-1 11 - eco.jpg
11 / 18 eco-corridors: physical model
 
//www.wzzhnw.com.cn/files/gimgs/th-37_tsinghua_12-1 12 - eco.jpg
12 / 18 eco-corridors: indexing fauna suitability patterns
 
//www.wzzhnw.com.cn/files/gimgs/th-37_tsinghua_12-1 13 - eco.jpg
13 / 18 eco-corridors: indexing fauna resistance factors
 
//www.wzzhnw.com.cn/files/gimgs/th-37_tsinghua_12-1 14 - eco.jpg
14 / 18 eco-corridors: corridors development and location of the observation points
 
//www.wzzhnw.com.cn/files/gimgs/th-37_tsinghua_12-1 15 - eco.jpg
15 / 18 eco-corridors: final masterplan
 
//www.wzzhnw.com.cn/files/gimgs/th-37_tsinghua_12-1 16 - agriculture.jpg
16 / 18 agri-culture: meshing
 
//www.wzzhnw.com.cn/files/gimgs/th-37_tsinghua_12-1 17 - agriculture.jpg
17 / 18 agri-culture: prototype
 
//www.wzzhnw.com.cn/files/gimgs/th-37_tsinghua_12-1 18 - agriculture.jpg
18 / 18 agri-culture: programmatic distribution